Simon Nicholson on the theory of loose parts

In 1972 architect Simon Nicholson, the son of artists Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth, presented the proposition that young children's creative empowerment comes from the presence of open-ended materials that can be constructed, manipulated and transformed through self-directed play. These 'loose parts' permit children to become co-producers of art, space and culture alongside adult artists and architects. According to…

Ivan Illich on community cohesion and alternate modes of knowledge production

“People need not only to obtain things, they need above all the freedom to make things among which they can live, to give shape to them according to their own tastes, and to put them to use in caring for and about others [1]." In 1973, Ivan Illich, a Catholic priest and Professor at Penn…